Herein lies the problem. Everyone knows that bullying is evil but any meaningful measures to address it are, in the opinions of people making decisions, too costly from a resources perspective. Ideally bullies just stop being bullies, but that's laughable considering how for the most part they turned out the way they did as a consequence of factors beyond their control. What's FOB BTW? Fall Out Boy, i.e. scene kids? Fear of bullying? @Kunlun @elmoe Y'all can probably tell this is a topic I'm personally really invested in (sorry) so I'm kinda reactive. I'll leave it to others to discuss findings (because APA is biased and those articles are my primary source of information ), but I'd like to offer that I don't personally believe it possible to divest this topic of bias or emotion merely due to the fact that the magnitude and nuance of the problem cannot be fully comprehended until you've come to experience it for yourself or engage with someone who has, and that once you've made that first contact your perspective on it will inevitably be skewed one way or the other depending on which end of the dynamic personally impacted you. Social sciences are, much like any other sciences, as much skill and art as they are hard facts and figures; it's a pain in the neck isolating one variable out of organic settings because they're all interrelated to a ridiculous degree, in my experience. I'm gonna abstain from getting too deeply into the experiential ramifications of it cuz I don't wanna go full philosophy hole, haha. The coarse distinction between abuse and bullying is that the former is generally more between caregiver and ward (or employer and employee, etc) while the latter is between peers-in-name, differences in social, financial, or physical stature notwithstanding. Bullying may involve physical, verbal, and/or psychological abuse, and there really is strong correlation between the two, but I agree the distinguishing between the two is important and that confusing the two (leading to a lack of clarity on how to address the root causes) is dangerous. The stuff about guys' bullying v girls' bullying checks out too by the by. I've got three sisters and all I'll say is that while I'm strongly for equal opportunities afforded to all regardless of gender or sexuality, and that I'll stand by that no matter what, I've come around from full-on raging SJW perspective years back to now thinking that, as a summative function of biology and myriad societal factors, girls really do go more for the psyche, while guys normally tend to resort to punching other guys in the dick and then leaving things be. Feel compelled to point out that physical altercations invariably leave psychological marks as well, though I'm not extremely well-versed in the mode and manner of perception/experience involved in various traumas. How victims and perpetrators see it matters a lot.